Good Faith Collaboration: The Culture of Wikipedia (History and Foundations of Information Science)

Wikipedia, the web encyclopedia, is outfitted by means of a community--a group of Wikipedians who're anticipated to "assume sturdy religion" whilst interacting with each other. In Good religion Collaboration, Joseph Reagle examines this specific collaborative tradition. Wikipedia, says Reagle, isn't the first attempt to create a freely shared, common encyclopedia; its early twentieth-century ancestors contain Paul Otlet's Universal Repository and H. G. Wells's concept for a World Brain. either those tasks, like Wikipedia, have been fuelled via new technology--which on the time integrated index playing cards and microfilm. What distinguishes Wikipedia from those and different newer ventures is Wikipedia's good-faith collaborative tradition, as noticeable not just within the writing and modifying of articles but additionally of their dialogue pages and edit histories. holding an open point of view on either wisdom claims and different members, Reagle argues, creates a rare collaborative power. Wikipedia's type of collaborative creation has been imitated, analyzed, and satirized. regardless of the social unease over its implications for person autonomy, institutional authority, and the nature (and caliber) of cultural items, Wikipedia's good-faith collaborative tradition has introduced us nearer than ever to a consciousness of the century-old pursuit of a common encyclopedia.

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End Wikipedia is an instance of an open content material neighborhood. any such conceptualization involves the middle price of delivering open content material, and the implication of forking. in spite of the fact that, it may be tough to stability the linked values of transparency, integrity, and nondiscrimination, in addition to different matters equivalent to loose speech and the security of individuals and the undertaking itself. moreover, barriers are a primary function of any neighborhood, even for those who aspire to openness since it isn't an easy binary of open or closed. Even a theoretically ideal openness may end up in habit and casual buildings which are under inclusive. As Clay Shirky writes, “successful open platforms create the very stipulations that require and threaten openness. platforms that deal with this strain successfully proceed (Slashdot comments). platforms that can’t or don’t locate how you can stability openness and closedness—to turn into semiprotected—fail (Usenet). ”113 this is often this kind of perception now not found in H. G. Wells’s predictions of a latest Utopia, Open Conspiracy, and global mind, yet emerges whilst one spends time within the Wikipedia neighborhood. finally, a tremendous descriptive characteristic of an open content material neighborhood is lots of debate approximately its values and the way to stability them. by means of this degree, Wikipedia definitely qualifies. five The demanding situations of Consensus Consensus: Any crew in contract approximately anything whose opinion is equal to yours; antonym of cabal [i. e. , those that disagree with you]. —WikiSpeak H. G. Wells suggestion the “World Encyclopedia” may be greater than a data repository, it may even be an establishment of “adjustment and adjudication; a clearinghouse of misunderstandings. ”1 Wikipedia definitely has its proportion of misunderstandings, a few imported from the conflicted international it files and a few designated to its personal project. An instance of a contagious real-world clash is the “Creation-Evolution Controversy,”2 mentioned in bankruptcy three. additionally, political and ethnic variations are usually reflected at Wikipedia, prompting the formation of a “Working team on Ethnic and Cultural Edit Wars. ”3 There also are lots of neighborhood “misunderstandings,” similar to no matter if each episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer merits its personal article. I raised this dispute prior to demonstrate opposing philosophies at Wikipedia: inclusionism and deletionism. This factor, and the proliferation of articles, gave upward push to a fair extra trivial— even though no much less bellicose—debate: if each tv express episode has its personal article, how may still those articles be named in order to not clash with different articles? This dialogue finds attainable misunderstandings approximately consensus, and the problems of this decision-making perform in an open neighborhood. during this bankruptcy, I establish the problems of consensus determination making, and its which means and perform for collaboration on the English Wikipedia. I reflect on this relative to insights from literature approximately consensus in different groups, together with Quakers and the collaborators who outfitted the web and net utilizing “rough consensus and working code.

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